National Sovereign Sanctuary
Ancient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misra´m
for the United States and Jurisdictions


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The Rite of Memphis-Misra´m: An International Order

More than 200 years old, this Rite still engenders lively interest and enjoys important developments on an international level. Faithful to its founding principles, it affirms itself as a Rite that is traditional, symbolic and spiritualistic, and associated with the principles of tolerance and liberty.

Countries where Memphis-Misra´m works today

  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Spain
  • France
  • Martinique
  • Mauritius
  • New Caledonia
  • Scandinavia
  • Switzerland
  • Uruguay
  • USA
  • England
  • Venezuela

The spirit of the Rite of Memphis-Misra´m

Upon entering into the Ancient and Primitive Rite of Memphis Misra´m, one places a foot on the path of tradition, with respect for human values and tolerance. This Rite is characterized by an initiatic quest founded on:

  • A spiritualistic and deist orientation,
  • A vocation to preserve and to transmit the philosophical reflection on symbols of Ancient Egypt and the different currents that have marked our civilization (Hermetic, Gnostic, Kabbalistic, Templar and Rose+Croix)
  • An open and reflective search for a better understanding of oneself and of humanity.

Man, you have two ears to hear the same sound,
Two eyes to discern the same object,
Two hands to execute the same act.
In the same way, the Masonic Science, Science par excellence,
Is esoteric and exoteric.
Esoterism constitutes thought,
Exoterism, structure.
Exoterism is a given, self-taught, self-learned;
Esoterism is none of these:
It comes from on HIGH

(Proclamation of the Grand Constitutions of the Ancient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misra´m)

Such is the spirit of traditional Masonry for which, in every act, there is both the visible and the invisible, the positive and the negative, a fleeting, perhaps even non-existent, present, already bearing the seeds of the future.

Freemasons of this rite are invited to think. An apprencticeship and a methodology are proposed that are founded on the knowledge of symbols, living tools that, in a constant dynamic, call into question all that has been acquired. Thus, according to the tradition of the Rite, the Mason ôworks the stoneö again, always refining the perceptions and developing discernment. It addresses the interior of each in a rich, intimate experience that through resonance jostles the exterior while causing the perceptions and vision of the world to evolve, because the Mason has begun the greatest possible adventure, the conquest of the self.

Rite of Memphis-Misra´m: a brief historical overview

Among the Masonic Rites, this Rite has occupied a particular position since its origin. It has its place among the Egyptian rites that drank from the source of the ancient initiatic traditions of the Mediterranean basin: Pythagoreans, Alexandrian hermetic authors, neo-Platonics, the Sabbeans of HarrÔn, Ismaelies ... It was necessary to wait until the XVIIIth century to find any traces in Europe. These rites were numerous but only two among them came to us: Misra´m and later Memphis. These two would associate and then merge under the influence of General Garibaldi in 1881.

The Rite of Misra´m

Since 1738, one can find traces of this Rite filled with alchemical, occult and Egyptian references, with a structure of 90 degrees. Joseph Balsamo, called Cagliostro, a key character of his time, known how to give it the impulse necessary for its development.

Very close to the Grand Master of the Order of the Knights of Malta, Manual Pinto de Fonseca, Cagliostro founded the Rite of High Egyptian Masonry in 1784. He received, between 1767 and 1775, from Sir Knight Luigi dĺAquino, the brother of the national Grand Master of Neapolitan Masonry, the Arcana Arcanorum, three very high hermetic degrees. In 1788, he introduced them into the Rite of Misra´m and gave a patent to this Rite.

It developed quickly in Milan, Genoa and Naples. In 1803, it was introduced by Joseph Marc and Michel BÚdarride. During this period of time, the Rite recruited not only aristocrats but Bonapartists and Republicans, and sometimes even revolutionary Carbonari.

It was forbidden in 1817, following the business of the Four Sergeants of La Rochelle and the uneasyness caused by the Carbonari. It became the meeting-place of opponents to the regime. This progressively let to its decline. Toward 1890, the last Masons of the Rite regrouped in the only remaining Lodge: Arc-en-Ciel.

The Rite of Memphis

Constituted by Jacques Etienne Marconis de NŔgre in 1838, the Rite of Memphis is a variant of the Rite of Misra´m. It takes the Egypto - alchemical mythology and completes it with pieces borrowed from the Templars and chivalry.

The Rite of Memphis attracted personalities in quest of an ideal. It knew a certain success among military Lodges until 1841; the date where it was put to sleep. But, with the dismissal of Louis - Philippe in 1848, the Rite was reactivated.

In England, from about 1850 numerous English Lodges worked the Rite of Memphis in French. They maintained celebrity for having welcomed ardent Republicans (Louis Blanc, Alfred Talandier, Charles Longuet and Joseph Garibaldi, (honorary member)). In 1871, the crash of the Commune of Paris contributed to a decrease in Lodges that would further decline around 1880 following the declaration of amnesty of the new French republican government.

In Egypt, from 1873, the Rite of Memphis developed quickly, under the direction of Brother Solutore Avventure Zola, Grand Hierophant until the reign of king Farouk.

In the United States, Marconis de NŔgre implanted the Rite around 1856. There was a noticeable emphatuation, particularly under the Grand Mastery of Brother Seymour in 1861.

The Rite of Memphis-Misra´m

In 1881, General Garibaldi was preparing to fuse the two Rites, which would be effective as of 1889. From this moment, the Rite of Memphis-Misra´m became implanted on the many different continents of the world.

Succession of International Grand Masters

The Ancient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misra´m
From the fusion of the two Rites

International Grand Master

Deputy International Grand Master





Giambattista PESSINA



Francesco Degli ODDI





Theodore REUSS





Henri Charles DUPONT


Henri Charles DUPONT




Pierre de RIBAUCOURT (2/27/1963)

Edouard de RIBAUCOURT (3/17/1963)

Claude R. TRIPET (10/16/1976)

Gerard KLOPPEL (11/26/1983)




Georges Claude VIEILLEDENT


Georges Claude VIEILLEDENT

Claude R. TRIPET (2001)










Succession of Sovereign Grand Masters - USA


Sovereign Grand Master

Sovereign Grand Inspector


Ronald Cappello


Mary Lou Cappello



Conditions of admission

To be received as a Freemason in the Rite of Memphis-Misra´m, it is necessary to meet the following conditions:

  • You must be at least 21 years of age
  • You must express a belief in a Supreme Being


  • You must submit a hand-written letter of intent accompanied by your resumÚ
  • You must submit 2 copies of either your birth certificate or passport
  • You must submit 2 passport-sized photographs

The personal part

  • You must have been questioned by several Brothers or sisters
  • You must have satisfactorily answered the questions posed
  • You must have been accepted by the Lodge at the time of your “going under the blindfold”

Masonic engagement also implies the involvement in the development, conservation and maintenance of the administrative structures. This makes it necessary for an annual contribution, which is called “The Capitation.”


National Sovereign Sanctuary for the United States of America and Jurisdictions

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